Main Article Content
weight is associated with higher risks of hypertension and cardio-
vascular diseases in the adulthood.
Objective To study the difference in blood pressure among first-
grade students of different birth weight groups.
Methods A cross-sectional study was performed. Blood pressure
of 214 healthy first-grade elementary school students (102 males
and 112 females) in Bunaken Subdistrict, Manado, Indonesia, was
measured using a standard sphygmomanometer with appropriate
cuff for arm size. Two readings were taken. Parents were asked to
complete a questionnaire concerning the information on birth weight
and length and confirmed by retrieving the record on a growth
chart and/or a maternal-child health book. The subjects were di-
vided into 6 groups according to their birth weight. The differences
in blood pressure values between birth weight groups were exam-
ined by ANOVA.
Results Systolic blood pressures were significantly higher in the
<2500 g birth weight group (100.73+9.99 mmHg vs. 93.70+8.29
mmHg) and in the 2500-<3000 g birth weight group compared to
those of the 3500-<4000 g one (99.56+9.14 mmHg vs. 93.70+8.29
mmHg) with a P of 0.048 and 0.014, respectively. There was no
difference between diastolic blood pressure and birth weight.
Conclusion Our study showed that the lower birth weight group
tends to have a higher systolic blood pressure than that of children
with normal birth weight
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