Relationship between children’s and parents’ blood pressure

Main Article Content

Desy Aswira Nasution
Rusdidjas Rusdidjas
Supriatmo Supriatmo
Rafita Ramayati
Oke Rina Ramayani
Rosmayanti Siregar


Background A family history of hypertension is a risk factor for
hypertension in children. Past studies have reported a significant
relationship between elevated blood pressure in children and
hypertensive parents.
Objective To assess for an association between blood pressure in
children and that of their parents.
Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 90 children
aged 6-18 years in Baringin Village, Panyabungan, from May to
June 2010. Subjects were collected by consecutive sampling.
Classification of hypertension was based on Fourth Task Force
Guidelines by measuring blood pressure, height, and weight. We
used Student's T-test to analyze numerical data. Simple linear
regression was used to investigate the relationship between blood
pressures of children and their parents.
Results Of the 90 participants recruited, 24 boys and 17 girls
had hypertensive parents. The mean systolic (SBP) , diastolic
(DBP) and arterial blood pressure (MABP) were significantly
higher in children with hyperten sive parents than in children
with normotensive parents [ (SBP 116. 7 (SD 7 .07) vs. 87 .1 (SD
13.57) mmHg; P=0.0001), (DBP 77.8 (SD 8.33) vs. 51.8 (SD
11.70) mmHg; P=0.0001), (MABP 90.7 (SD 7.41) vs . 63 .6
(12.10) mmHg; P=0.000 1] . There was a significant relationship
between elevated SBP in boys and their fathers, as indicated by
the correlation coefficient (r =0.806; P=0.0001).
Conclusion The blood pressure is significantly higher in children
with hypertensive parents than in those with normotensive
parents. There is a correlation between SBP in boys and that of
their fathers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nasution D, Rusdidjas R, Supriatmo S, Ramayati R, Ramayani O, Siregar R. Relationship between children’s and parents’ blood pressure. PI [Internet]. 31Aug.2014 [cited 19Jul.2019];54(4):202-. Available from:
Received 2016-09-16
Accepted 2016-09-16
Published 2014-08-31


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