Sleep patterns in 1 to 36 month-old children

Main Article Content

Catharina Sambo
Rini Sekartini
Partini Trihono


Background Better understanding about sleep patterns in
Indonesian children can contribute to basic knowledge for
educating parents and health providers about good sleep
Objectives To find out sleep patterns in 1􀁊36 month􀁊old
Method A descriptive, cross􀁊sectional study was held in East
Jakarta on May 2009. Subjects were 1 to 36 months old children
who came \\lith their parents or primary caregivers. Data collection
was performed using modified Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire
(BISQ), consisted of subjects' characteristics, sleep patterns, sleep
problems, and associating factors.
Results Among 147 children, sleep problems were identified in
33.3% of them. Bedtime was mostly at 8 p.m., wake up time was
5 a.m. Median time needed to fall asleep was 20 minutes. Average
frequency of night waking was twice during one night. Median
night waking duration was 15 minutes. Median sleep duration at
night was 9 hours 20 minutes, and median nap duration was 2
hours 20 minutes. Median total sleep time was 12 hours. Prone
sleeping position was significantly associated \\lith sleep problems
(p􀁋0.036, RR􀁋1.67, 95%CI􀁋1.66-2.64).
Conclusions Prevalence of sleep problem is 33.3%, \\lith awakening
at night was being the most occurring problem. Prone sleeping
position is associated \\lith sleep problems. [Paediatr Indones.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sambo C, Sekartini R, Trihono P. Sleep patterns in 1 to 36 month-old children. PI [Internet]. 30Jun.2010 [cited 25Nov.2020];50(3):170-. Available from:
Received 2016-09-08
Accepted 2016-09-08
Published 2010-06-30


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