Main Article Content
Background Obesity is now a global epidemic problem. Increased
prevalence of obesity is associated with increased sedentary
beh avior and low physical activity.
Objective To assess the physical activity patterns of adolescents
aged 10-15 years and to compare mean energy output, intensity
of physical activity, duration of moderate-vigorously intensity of
physical activity, and length of screen time in obese and non-obese
Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 7th and
3th grade students aged 12-15 years at 216 junior high schools in
West Jakarta. Physical activity was assessed using th e Bouchard
diary for 2 school days and 1 holiday.
Results There was no significant differen ce in mean energy
output between th e obese and non-obese adolescent s. Th e
median intensity of physical activity of obese adolescents was
lower than that of non-obese adolescents [1.5 (range 0.8 to 1.8)
vs. 2 (range 1.6 to 2.8) METs, respectively; P <0.00 1] . The mean
duration of moderate-vigorous intensity of physical activity in
obese adolescents was shorter than that of non-obese adolescents
[19.3 (SD 6.9) vs. 26.4 (SD3.4) minutes, respectively; P= 0.000].
Median length of screen time was longer for obese adolescents
than for non -obese adolescents [2.8 (range 1 to 6.6) vs. 1.8
(range 0.3 to 6.1) hours, respectively; P < 0.001]. There was no
adolescent who met the recommended physical activity intensity
and duration criteria.
Conclusion Physical activity varies among adolescents aged
10- 15 years. Obese adolescents have signific antly less physical
activity duration and intensity than n on-obese adolescents, but
significantly longer screen time. All adolescents' physical activity
is less than the recommended intensity and duration.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
2. Onis DM, Blossner M, Borghi E. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:1257-64.
3. American Obesity Association. Childhood obesity. Georgia avenue, 2010. [cited 2011 February 29]. Available from http://www.obesity.org/subs/childhood/prevalence.shtml
4. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007. Jakarta: Balitbang Depkes RI; 2008 . [cited 2012 November 5]. Available from file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/22-99ZBook%20Manuscript-29-2-10-20130605%20(1).pdf .
5. Badan Penelitian clan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2010. Jakarta: Balitbang Depkes RI; 2010. [cited 2012 November 5]. Available from http://www.litbang.depkes.go.id/sites/download/bukulaporan/lapnas_riskesdas2010/Laporan_riskesdas_2010.pdf.
6. Reilly JJ, McDowell ZC. Physical activity interventions in the prevention and treatment of paediatric obesity: systematic review and critical appraisal. Proc Nutr Soc. 2003;62:611-9.
7. Esparza J, Fox C, Harper IT, Bennett PH, Schulz LO, Valencia ME, et al. Daily energy expenditure in Mexican and USA Pima indians: low physical activity as a possible cause of obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000;24:55-9.
8. Eisenmann J, Bartee RT, Wang MQ. Physical activity, TV viewing, and weight in US youth: 1999 youth risk behavior survey. Obes Res. 2002;10:379-85.
9. Hughes AR, Henderson A, Ortiz-Rodriguez V, Artinou ML, Reilly JJ. Habitual physical activity and sedentary behaviour in a clinical sample of obese children. Int J Obes. 2006;30:1494-500.
10. Page A, Cooper AR, Stamatakis E, Foster LJ, Crowne EC, Sabin M, et al. Physical activity patterns in nonobese and obese children assessed using minute-by-minute accelerometty. Int J Obes. 2005;29:1070-6.
11. Girsang R. Hubungan antara pola makan dan aktivitas fisis dengan profil lemak darah pada anak remaja obese primer [master's thesis]. Bandung: Universitas Padjajaran; 2003.
12. Kurniawan AA. Perbedaan tingkat aktivitas fisis dan kebugaran jantung paru antara remaja dini (usia 10-12 tahun) dengan indeks massa tubuh di bawah persentil 85 clan di atas persentil 85 [ master's thesis]. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia; 2011.
13. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity in the United States, 2009-2010. NCHS data brief, no 82. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2012 [cited 2012 June 25]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db82.pdf.
14. Hady I. Efek terapi suplementasi air putih terhadap keberhasilan program modifikasi perilaku pada remaja dengan obesitas [master's thesis]. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia; 2011.
15. Drummond MJN, Drummond CE, Dollman J, Abery L. Physical activity from early childhood to adolescence: a literature review of issues and interventions in disadvantaged populations. J Student Wellbeing. 2010;4:17-31.
16. Allison KR, Adlaf EM, Dwyer JJ, Lysy DC, Irving HM. The decline in physical activity among adolescent students: a cross-national comparison. Can J Public Health. 2007;98:97-100.
17. Caspersen CJ, Pereira MA, Curran KM. Changes in physical activity patterns in the United States, by sex and crosssectional age. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:1601-9.
18. Telama R, Yang X. Decline of physical activity from youth to young adulthood in Finland. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:1617-22.
19. Van Mechelen W, Twisk JW, Post GB, Snel J, Kemper HC. Physical activity of young people: the Amsterdam Longitudinal Growth and Health Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000;32:1610-6.
20. Hsu YW, Belcher BR, Ventura EE, Byrd-Williams CE, Weigensberg MJ, Davis JN, et al. Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and the metabolic syndrome in minority youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43:2307-13.
21. Zhang CX, Chen YM, Chen WQ, Deng XQ, Jiang ZQ. Energy expenditure and energy intake in 10-12 years obese and non-obese Chinese children in a Guangzhou boarding school. Asia Pac J Clin Nutt. 2008;17:235-42.
22. World Health Organization. Global recommendation on physical activity for health. Geneva, 2002. [ cited 2011 August 5]. Available from http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_recommendations/en/.
23. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Gheiratmand R, Gouya MM, Razaghi EM, Delavari A, et al. Association of physical activity and dietary behaviours in relation to the body mass index in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents: CASPIAN Study. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85:19-26.
24. Mendoza JA, Zimmerman FJ, Christakis DA. Television viewing, computer use, obesity, and adiposity in US preschool children . Int J Behav Nutr Physc Act . 2007;4:44.
25. Satoh A, Fujita S, Menzawa K, Lee S, Miyamoto M, Sasaki H. Diets of obese and non-obese children. Health. 20 11;3:487-9.
26. Physical activity and good nutrition essential elements to prevent chronic diseases and obesity 2007. [cited 2011 September 16]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa.
27. Gordon-Larsen P, Nelson MC, Popkin BM. Lon gitudinal physical activity and sedentary behavior trends: adolescence to adulthood. Am J Prev Med. 2004;27:277-83.