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best for babies. The 1997 Indonesian Health Demography found
that the proportion of exclusive breastfeeding was still low (52%)
and increased to 55.1% in 2002. Due to increasing number of
working mothers, promoting breast feeding among them should be
performed properly. There are no data on exclusive breastfeeding
rate and pattern among working mothers in Indonesia.
Objective To describe exclusive breastfeeding rate and pattern
among working mothers in several areas in Jakarta and the influ-
Methods A descriptive study using a questionnaire was conducted
from October 2005 to February 2006. Subjects were working
mothers who had 6 to 12 month old baby and breastfed and the
baby had no congenital or chronic disease.
Results Among 290 mothers interviewed, 40% worked at banks
or insurance business, 34% were private employees, 25% medical
staffs, and 2% were teachers. Almost 80% have exclusively
breastfed for less than 4 months, 17% for 4 months, and only 4%
for 6 months. Maternal leave, family support, mothers’ knowl-
edge, facilities at workplace, media influences, and working hours
seemed to have no relations to breastfeeding rate. There were
122 (42%) mothers who had good knowledge about physiology
of lactation, 155 of them (53%) had fair knowledge, and only
45% of them had poor knowledge.
Conclusions The proportion of working mothers in several areas
in Jakarta who have exclusively breastfed for 4 months is 17%, and
only 4% of subjects do exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months. Most
subjects have a good to fair knowledge about the physiology of
lactation but it does not seem to influence the decision to exclu-
sively breastfed their babies.
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