Main Article Content
weight gain, minimizing the risk for malnutrition, and possibly
Objective To determine the influence of infant breastfeeding
practices on the risk for obesity in children aged 6 to 8 years.
Methods We conducted a case-control study comparing
breastfeeding practices between obese and non-obese children.
Subjects were selected from two elementary schools in Yogyakarta.
Case subjects had body mass index (BMI)-for-age <::: + 2 SD
(WHO 2007 growth reference curve). Control subjects had BMIfor-
age SD between-2and+1 SD, and were matched for age and
gender to the case subjects. Subjects' mothers filled questionnaires
on their breastfeeding practices.
Results We recruited 68 pairs of obese and non-obese subjects,
4 7 (69%) pairs of boys and 21 (31 %) pairs of girls. The mean
duration of breastfeeding in the obese group was shorter than
that of the non-obese group, 12.9 months (SD 9.78) vs. 16.1
months (8.39), respectively, a mean difference of 3.24 months
(95% CI 0.14 to 6.32). Partially breastfed and formula-fed children
had significantly higher odds for obesity compared to that of
exclusively breastfed children, OR4.70 (95% CI 3.96 to 5.43) for
partial breastfeeding and 6.20 (95% CI 4.67 to 7.73) for formula
feeding. The risk for obesity also declined with longer durations
Conclusion Exclusive infant breastfeeding and longer duration
of breastfeeding lowered the risk for childhood obesity in children
aged 6-8 years. [Paediatr lndones. 2012;52: 1-5].
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