Main Article Content
intensive care unit (PICU) have respiratory distress and pulmonary
disease as underlying conditions. Mechanical ventilation may be
used to limit morbidity and mortality in children with respiratory
Objective To assess a correlation between chest x-ray findings
and outcomes of patients with mechanical ventilation.
Methods This retrospective study was held in Dr. Kariadi
Hospital, Semarang, Indonesia. Data was collected from the
medical records of children admitted to the PICU from January
to December 2010, who suffered from respiratory distress and
used mechanical ventilation. We compared chest x-ray findings to
the outcomes of patients. Radiological expertise was provided by
radiologists on duty at the time. Chi-square and logistic regression
tests were used for statistical analysis.
Results There were 63 subjects in our study, consisting of 28 males
and 35 females. Patient outcomes were defined as survived or died,
43 subjects ( 68%) and 20 subjects (3 2%), respectively. Chest x-ray
findings revealed the following conditions: bronchopneumonia
48% (P=0.298; 95%CI 0.22 to 1.88), pleural effusion 43%
(P=0.280; 95%CI 0.539 to 4.837) , pulmonary edema 6%
(P=0.622; 95%CI 0.14 to 14.62) and atelectasis 3% (P=0.538;
95%CI 0.03 to 7 .62). None of the chest x-ray findings significantly
correlated to patient outcomes.
Conclusion Chest x-ray findings do not correlate to patient
outcomes in pediatric subjects with mechanical ventilation in
the PICU of Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Semarang, Indonesia.
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