Role of mother’s perceptions on their child development on early detection of developmental deviation

Main Article Content

Pudji Andayani
Soetjiningsih Soetjiningsih

Abstract

This report aimed to assess mothers’ perceptions on normal and deviation of development in their children. The study was done in underfive children and their mothers from May 1st 1999 to June 30th 1999 who visited the Nutrition, Growth & Development Clinic of the Child Health Department, Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar. A total of 76 children between 2 and 59 months of age and their mothers were enrolled. Data were collected by interview with mothers concerning the following items: perception of their children development, age of child, sex, mother’s education, mother’s job, number of sibling, and mother ability in making referral decisions. Denver II screening test was administered to each child to identify of development status as a gold standard. Sixteen (21%) children was identified as having developmental deviation (by mother’s perception) and 21 (28%) by authors using Denver II screening test. The mother’s perception sensitivity was 67% and specificity was 97%. There were no significant differences of development status perception according to child’s age, mother’s education, mother’s job, and number of sibling. Most of mother’s perceptions about normal development were if the body weight increased and had no disability. Most of the sources of information about development was from the relatives. Thirteen of 21 children who had developmental deviation were referred by mothers. We conclude that mother’s perception can be used as early detection of developmental problems. Mother’s concerns of their children growth development had focused on again body weight, physical developmental and gross motor skill.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Andayani P, Soetjiningsih S. Role of mother’s perceptions on their child development on early detection of developmental deviation. PI [Internet]. 30Oct.2006 [cited 21Jul.2019];41(9-10):264-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/1068
Section
Articles
Received 2016-11-22
Accepted 2016-11-22
Published 2006-10-30

References

1. Foye FH, Sulkes S. Developmental and behavioral pediatrics. In: Nelson essentials of Pediatrics, 1st ed. Canada: WB Saunders Co; 1990. p. 1-19.
2. Stephenson T, Wallace H. The developmental examination In: Clinical pediatrics for postgraduate examination. 2nd ed. Tokyo: Churchill Livingstone; 1995. p. 137-53.
3. Sularyo TS. Period kritis pada tumbuh kembang balita. In: Sularyo TS, Ali MD, Gunardi H, editors. Deteksi dan intervensi dini penyimpangan tumbuh kembang anak dalam upaya optimalisasi kualitas sumber daya manusia. Naskah Lengkap Pendidikan Kedokteran Berkelanjutan Ilmu Kesehatan Anak FKUI XXXVII. FKUI; 1996 21-23 November; Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI, 1996.
4. Sudjarwo SR. Uji skrining perkembangan dengan metoda Denver II. In: Sularyo TS, Ali MD, Gunardi H, editors. Deteksi dan intervensi dini penyimpangan tumbuh kembang anak dalam upaya optimalisasi kualitas sumber daya manusia. Naskah Lengkap Pendidikan Kedokteran Berkelanjutan Ilmu Kesehatan Anak FKUI XXXVII. FKUI; 1996 21-23 November; Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI, 1996.
5. Soetjiningsih. Laporan pendahuluan penelitian BKKBNIDAI: Optimalisasi program BKB (Bina Keluarga Balita) dengan deteksi dini penyimpangan tumbuh kembang balita (penelitian operasional) Denpasar: Lab IKA/RSUP Sanglah, 1995: 1-14.
6. Murniari D, Ketty S, Soetjiningsih. Peranan Klinik Tumbuh Kembang dan Rehabilitasi Medis dan deteksi dini dan penanganan dini. In: Soetjiningsih ed. Pendidikan Kedokteran Berkelanjutan IKA –1 Denpasar. LabIKA/ RSUP Sanglah 1987: 87-95.
7. Glascoe FP. Developmental Screening. In: Parker S, Zuckerman B, Alpert JJ, editors. Behavioral and developmental pediatrics, A handbook for primary care. London: Little Brown and Co; 1987. p. 25-9.
8. Frankenburg WK. Denver II. In: Frankenburg WK, Dodds J, Accher P, et al, eds. Denver II, Screening Manual. Colorado: Published by Denver II Development Material,
1990: 1-48.
9. William PD, Soetjiningsih. Balinese mothers developmental timetables for young children. Paediatr Indones 1992; 32: 7-8.
10. Retayasa W, Gautama K, Pramita R, et al. Kalender Tumbuh Kembang Sebagai Deteksi Dini Penyimpangan Perkembangan Balita. Presented at Kongres Nasional Ilmu
Kesehatan Anak X (the 10th National Congress of Pediatrics), Bukittinggi, June 16-20, 1996.
11. Glascoe FP. Parent’s Concerns About Children’s Development: Prescreening Technique or Screening Test ? Pediatrrics 1997; 99:522-8.
12. Glascoe FP, Dworkin PH. The Role of Parents in the Detection of Developmental and Behavioral Problems. Pediatrics 1995; 95:829-36.
13. Glascoe FP, Sandler H. Value of parent’s estimates of children’s developmental ages. J Pediatr 1995; 127:831-5.