Main Article Content
Background Iron deficiency (ID) has a high incidence in
Indonesia, and is a risk factor for febrile seizures. The most suitable
assay to detect iron deficiency in the presence of inflammation
has not yet been defined. An indicator of ID unaffected by
inflammation is needed, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) may
be such an indicator.
Objective To evaluate ID as a risk factor for febrile seizures in
children with inflammation by sTfR measurements.
Method We conducted an age-matched, case-control study,
focused on children experiencing on acute illnesses at the time.
Subjects were 80 children matched by age (40 in the case group
with febrile seizures, and 40 in the control group who were febrile
without seizures) aged 3 months to 5 years in Mohammad Hoesin
Hospital, Palembang from February to August 2013. Subjects’
clinical data and sTfR levels were recorded. Risk factors were
analyzed with odd ratios and 95% confident intervals. The
sTfR level cut-off point as a predictor of febrile seizures was also
defined. Other risk factors were analyzed with multivariate logistic
Results Mean sTfR levels were 41.36 (SD 2.04) nmol/L in the
case group and 33.09 (SD 1.02) nmol/L in the control group.
Multivariate analysis revealed ID and iron deficient anemia
(IDA), as measured by sTfR levels, to be risk factors for febrile
seizures (adjusted OR=3.9; 95%CI 1.41 to 10.8; P=0.007 and
OR 3.27; 95%CI 1.21 to 8.84; P=0.017, respectively). The sTfR
level cut-off point that could be used as a predictor of febrile
seizures was 37nmol/L.
Conclusion Iron deficiency as measured by increased sTfR is
a risk factor for febrile seizures in children.
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