The prevalence of atopic dermatitis history in asthmatic children

  • Rifda Suryati
  • Arwin AP Akib
  • I Boediman
  • Abdul Latief
Keywords: atopic dermatitis, asthma, atopy, allergic

Abstract

Background Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a risk factor of asthma. There
is still limited information about its prevalence and characteristics
in asthmatic children.
Objective To find out the prevalence of AD history in asthmatic
children.
Methods This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the De-
partment of Child Health, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta,
from July until December 2004. Patients with asthma who were at
or less than 5 years of age were included in the study. The parents
had completed study questionnaire about asthma, AD, and some
information about atopic family history, the food history in infant
period and environment factors.
Results Ninety children met the inclusion criteria. Male and female
ratio was 1.5:1. Most of subjects reported onset of asthma in 12-
36 months of age. The history of AD was found in 26% of asth-
matic children with quite similar number for both sexes. All sub-
jects had atopic family history with asthma as the most common
manifestation. The environment factors contributed to this event
were mother’s diet containing allergen and smoking history in family
during pregnancy and lactation period. More than half of subjects
had no breast-feeding. Solid food and formulated milk had been
early-introduced.
Conclusion History of AD is found in 26% asthmatic children.
The percentage of characteristic distribution of factors which had
been assumed has a role in asthma and AD was similarly equal
between subjects with and without history of AD

Author Biographies

Rifda Suryati
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Arwin AP Akib
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
I Boediman
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Abdul Latief
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

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Published
2016-10-18
How to Cite
1.
Suryati R, Akib A, Boediman I, Latief A. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis history in asthmatic children. PI [Internet]. 18Oct.2016 [cited 18Apr.2024];46(4):164-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/922
Section
Articles
Received 2016-10-14
Accepted 2016-10-14
Published 2016-10-18