Prevalence of patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants at the Neonatal Ward, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta

  • Benita Deselina
  • Sukman Tulus Putra
  • Rulina Suradi
Keywords: preterm infant, patent ductus arteriosus, incidence, echocardiography


Background Patent ductus arterious (PDA) is one of the most
common congenital heart diseases encountered in preterm infants.
The lower the birth weight and gestational age are, the higher the
incidence of PDA is.
Objectives To investigate the incidence of PDA in premature infants
hospitalized in the neonatal wards of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital
using echocardiography.
Methods Preterm infants born between August and October 2003
were included in this study. Clinical features were retrieved from medical
charts. The first echocardiography was conducted on all of the preterm
infants at the chronological age of 3 days. If PDA was detected,
echocardiography was repeated at the chronological age of 6 days.
Results During the 3-month period, sixty-five preterm infants
participated in this study and underwent echocardiography. In the
first echocardiogram, the incidence rate of PDA was 32%. At
gestational age of less than 28 weeks, 1 of 2 infants had PDA. Of 3
infants with birth weight of more than 1000 grams, 2 had PDA. On
the second echocardiography, the incidence rate of PDA was 14%
and mostly found in infants at gestational age of less than 28 weeks
(8/9) and in those with birth weight of less than 1000 grams (7/9).
All infants with RDS whose PDA was identified in the first
echocardiography proved to maintain their PDA in the second
Conclusion The incidence rate of PDA in preterm infants was
14%. The lower the birth weight, the higher the incidence rate of
PDA. The presence of RDS is related to the delay in the closing of
the arterial duct

Author Biographies

Benita Deselina
Department of Child Health, Medical School, Universiy of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Sukman Tulus Putra
Department of Child Health, Medical School, Universiy of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Rulina Suradi
Department of Child Health, Medical School, Universiy of
Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.


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How to Cite
Deselina B, Putra S, Suradi R. Prevalence of patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants at the Neonatal Ward, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta. PI [Internet]. 10Oct.2016 [cited 16Jun.2024];44(6):223-. Available from:
Received 2016-10-03
Accepted 2016-10-03
Published 2016-10-10