Nutritional status of under-five pulmonary tuberculosis patients before and after six-month therapy

  • Barita Sidabutar
  • Soepardi Soedibyo
  • Alan Tumbelaka
Keywords: tuberculosis, nutritional status, anthropometric, under-five children

Abstract

Background Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease
which remains a health problem throughout the world including in
Indonesia. The implementation of directly observed treatment short-
course (DOTS) strategy will hopefully increase patient’s compli-
ance, so that a minimum of 85% cure rate could be achieved. The
success in coping with TB disease is expected to become one of
factors that play role in providing a solution for malnutrition prob-
lems in Indonesia, especially for those caused by TB.
Objective The aim of this study was to determine the distribution
of nutritional status of under-five TB patients before and after six -
month therapy.
Methods We reviewed under-five children with pulmonary TB vis-
iting the Pediatric Pulmonology Outpatients Clinic of Cipto
Mangunkusumo Hospital from January 1999 to December 2001.
Results Using the weight-for-age (W/A) indices, from 279 patients,
the proportion of well-, under-, and severe-malnourished status
was 36.9%, 60.2%, and 2.9%, respectively, and after 6-month
therapy it became 58.8%, 39.8%, and 1.4%, respectively.
Conclusion After 6 months of therapy, the nutritional status of TB
patients increased

Author Biographies

Barita Sidabutar
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia /Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
Soepardi Soedibyo
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia /Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
Alan Tumbelaka
Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia /Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta

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Published
2016-10-10
How to Cite
1.
Sidabutar B, Soedibyo S, Tumbelaka A. Nutritional status of under-five pulmonary tuberculosis patients before and after six-month therapy. PI [Internet]. 10Oct.2016 [cited 18Apr.2024];44(1):21-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/728
Section
Articles
Received 2016-09-28
Accepted 2016-09-28
Published 2016-10-10