Seroepidemiology of Helicobacter pylori in primary school students in Krotek, Cibeber Village, Serang District, Banten, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Ratu Nurjanah
Pramita G. Dwipoerwantoro
Darlan Darwis

Abstract

Background Helicobacter pylori infection is a common infection.
Risk of infection in rural areas is six times higher than in urban
areas.
Objectives To study the prevalence of H. pylori infection in primary school students in rural area and its contributing factors.
Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in a rural primary
school in Serang district, Banten, West Java. Serology of H. pylori
was tested using Bio M pylori kit (Mataram, Indonesia).
Results Forty two of 125 subjects (33.6%) had positive H. pylori
serologies. Bivariate analysis found that the the family habit of
eating together from one container increased the infection risk
5.93 times (95% Cl 3.07 to 11.43). Source of drinking water
from common river increased the risk 9.88 times (95% CI 3.03
to 32.24). Bed and bedroom sharing increased the risk 1.55 times (95% CI 1.23 to 1.95) and 2.22 times (95% CI 1.65 to 2.99), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis including all variables with P <0.25 showed that the most significant factor contributing to H. pylori infection is common river as family drinking water source (OR 24.97, 95% CI 3.9 to 159.76), followed by family habit of eating together from one container (OR 10.23, 95% CI 3.05 to 34.27), and bed or bedroom sharing (OR 9.48, 95% CI 2.4 7 to 36.38).
Conclusion Prevalence of H. pylori infection in rural school
students is 33.6%. There are significant associations between
H. pylori infection and family habit of eating together from one
container, bed sharing with other family members, and family
drinking water source from common river.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Nurjanah R, Dwipoerwantoro P, Darwis D. Seroepidemiology of Helicobacter pylori in primary school students in Krotek, Cibeber Village, Serang District, Banten, Indonesia. PI [Internet]. 31Oct.2009 [cited 27Nov.2020];49(5):264-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/581
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Ratu Nurjanah

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Pramita G. Dwipoerwantoro

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Darlan Darwis

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Received 2016-09-11
Accepted 2016-09-11
Published 2009-10-31

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