Main Article Content
Risk of infection in rural areas is six times higher than in urban
Objectives To study the prevalence of H. pylori infection in primary school students in rural area and its contributing factors.
Methods A cross-sectional study was performed in a rural primary
school in Serang district, Banten, West Java. Serology of H. pylori
was tested using Bio M pylori kit (Mataram, Indonesia).
Results Forty two of 125 subjects (33.6%) had positive H. pylori
serologies. Bivariate analysis found that the the family habit of
eating together from one container increased the infection risk
5.93 times (95% Cl 3.07 to 11.43). Source of drinking water
from common river increased the risk 9.88 times (95% CI 3.03
to 32.24). Bed and bedroom sharing increased the risk 1.55 times (95% CI 1.23 to 1.95) and 2.22 times (95% CI 1.65 to 2.99), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis including all variables with P <0.25 showed that the most significant factor contributing to H. pylori infection is common river as family drinking water source (OR 24.97, 95% CI 3.9 to 159.76), followed by family habit of eating together from one container (OR 10.23, 95% CI 3.05 to 34.27), and bed or bedroom sharing (OR 9.48, 95% CI 2.4 7 to 36.38).
Conclusion Prevalence of H. pylori infection in rural school
students is 33.6%. There are significant associations between
H. pylori infection and family habit of eating together from one
container, bed sharing with other family members, and family
drinking water source from common river.
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