Main Article Content
Objective To evaluate the differences of hypothermia event and
duration of birth weight regain in LBW newborns between early
kangaroo care (EKC) and conventional care (CC).
Methods This was an open label randomized controlled trial. The
1500-2250 g LBW newborns who were born in Sanglah Hospital
were randomized to EKC and CC groups.
Results Hypothermia events were found more often in CC group
than EKC group (RR=0.645, 90% CI 0.45 to 0.92, P=0.05). This
difference was influenced by breast feeding frequency. Duration of birth weight regain in EKC group (median 5 days (SE=0.31, 90% CI 4.49 to 5.51) was shorter than CC group (median 6 days (SE=0.52, 90% CI 5.15 to 6.85), but this difference wasn't statistically significant (P=0.40). Percentage of birth weight decrease, breastfeeding frequency, and hyperbilirubinemia events that needed phototheraphy were associated with the duration of birth weight increase.
Conclusion EKC helps to decrease the incidence of hypothermia
events, but fails to shorten duration of birth weight increase.
Percentage of birth weight decrease, breast-feeding frequency, and hyperbilirunemia events that need phototheraphy are associated with the duration of birth weight increase in LBW newborn.
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