Growth velocity in elementary school children with iron deficiency anemia after iron therapy

Main Article Content

Dina Lyfia
Melda Deliana
Hakimi Hakimi
Nelly Rosdiana
Bidasari Lubis

Abstract

Background Iron supplementation in children with iron deficiency
anemia could decrease the incidence of stunting.
Objective To study the effect of iron therapy on growth velocity
in children with iron deficiency anemia.
Methods A randomized clinical trial study was conducted at
Labuhan Batu on November 2006 to May 2007. Iron deficiency
anemia was diagnosed if there were anemia, with mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration <31 %, red cell distribution width index > 220, and Mentzer index> 13. Elementary school children (6-12 year old) with iron deficiency anemia were randomly assigned either to iron therapy group (children were given 6 mg iron/kg/day) or to placebo group for 3 months.
Results Among 300 children recruited, there were 125 children,
who suffered from iron deficiency anemia. After one month of
iron therapy, means of hemoglobin concentration were 12.4 g/dl in iron group and 11.7 g/dl in placebo group. There was a significant increase of height in iron group (129.9 (SD 7.58) em vs. 132.2 (SD 7.23) em) and in placebo (130.8 (SD 8.78) em vs. 128.7 (SD 8. 79) em), However, no significant difference was found in the mean of growth velocity between placebo and iron groups (2.1 (SD 0.01) em vs. 2.0 (SD 0.9) em.
Conclusion There is a significant increase in height, but no
significant difference between both groups in growth velocity.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Lyfia D, Deliana M, Hakimi H, Rosdiana N, Lubis B. Growth velocity in elementary school children with iron deficiency anemia after iron therapy. PI [Internet]. 31Oct.2009 [cited 29Sep.2020];49(5):249-2. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/578
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Dina Lyfia

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatera University, H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Melda Deliana

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatera University, H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Hakimi Hakimi

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatera University, H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Nelly Rosdiana

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatera University, H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Bidasari Lubis

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatera University, H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.
Received 2016-09-11
Accepted 2016-09-11
Published 2009-10-31

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