Echocardiographic patterns in asphyxiated neonates

Main Article Content

Maswin Masyhur
Idham Amir
Sukman Tulus Putra
Alan Roland Tumbelaka


Background Neonatal asphyxia is a disorder in neonates due
to decreased oxygenation (hypoxia) and decreased perfusion to
organs (ischemia). Duration of asphyxia and early management
influence the severity of organ dysfunction, including the heart.
Objectives To obtain patterns of cardiac abnormality in
neonatal asphyxia in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital with
echocardiography. Design A cross-sectional study was performed on 22 asphyxiated neonates and 22 other non-asphyxiated neonates from March to October 2008. Inclusion criteria were term neonates, Apgar score :S 6 in the first minute for asphyxiated neonates and ?. 7 for normal/non-asphyxiated neonate. Echocardiographic examination was performed before the age of 48 hours.
Results There were 7/22 asphyxiated neonates and 1/22 nonaxphyxiated neonate with heart disease (P <0.05). The most
common cardiac abnormality found in asphyxiated neonates was
patent ductus arteriosus, followed by atrial septal defect, tricuspid regurgitation, and pulmonary hypertension.
Conclusion Cardiac abnormality is significantly found more often
in asphyxiated than in non-asphyxiated neonates.

Article Details

How to Cite
Masyhur M, Amir I, Putra S, Tumbelaka A. Echocardiographic patterns in asphyxiated neonates. PI [Internet]. 31Aug.2009 [cited 25Jul.2021];49(4):214-. Available from:
Author Biographies

Maswin Masyhur

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Idham Amir

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Sukman Tulus Putra

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Alan Roland Tumbelaka

Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of
Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Received 2016-09-10
Accepted 2016-09-10
Published 2009-08-31


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