Effect of classical music on reducing blood pressure in children

Main Article Content

Saloma Klementina Saing
Oke Rina
Rafita Ramayati
Rusdidjas Rusdidjas

Abstract

Background High blood pressure remains a public health
problem. High blood pressure in children and adolescent is a
major risk for cardiovascular disease in adulthood which can
cause high morbidity and mortality. Listening to the classical
music can be used as an alternative in reducing high blood
pressure.
Objective To investigate the effect of classical music in reducing
blood pressure in children with high normal blood pressure and
or hypertension.
Methods Eighty eight students of Sidorame Senior High School
Medan with blood pressure 2: 120/80 mmHg or blood pressure
2: 90 percentile Task Force were included in this study. The
Vivaldi's Four Seasons was played for 30 minutes using Sony stereo
cassette recorder and earphone. The students' blood pressure were
measured after listening to the music.
Results The reduction of students' blood pressure in the classical
music group was greater than control group (L'ISBP, L'IDBP
9.4lmmHg, 6.05mmHg versus 4.37mmHg, 2.23mmHg) and
showed statistically difference.
Conclusion Listening to the classical music can reduce blood
pressure in children with high blood pressure.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Saing S, Rina O, Ramayati R, Rusdidjas R. Effect of classical music on reducing blood pressure in children. PI [Internet]. 26Sep.2016 [cited 21Jul.2019];48(3):142-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/521
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Saloma Klementina Saing

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatra
University/Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Oke Rina

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatra
University/Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Rafita Ramayati

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatra
University/Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.

Rusdidjas Rusdidjas

Department of Child Health, Medical School, North Sumatra
University/Haji Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia.
Received 2016-09-09
Accepted 2016-09-09
Published 2016-09-26

References

1. National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working
on Hypertension Control in Children and Adolescent.
Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood
Pressure in Children and Adolescent: a working group report
from the National High Blood Pressure. Education Program.
Pediatrics 1996;98:649-58.
2. Srivinasan SR, Myers L, Berenson GS. Changes in metabolic
syndrome variables since childhood in prehypertensive
and hypertensive subjects. The Bogalusa heart study.
Hypertension 2006;48:33-9.
3. Pruitt A W. Systemic hypertension. In: Behrman RE,
Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, editors. Nelson Textbook of
Pediatric. 17th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2004. p.
1592-8.
4. Sun SS, Grave G, Siervogel RM, Pickoff AA, Arslanian SS,
Daniels SR. Systolic blood pressure in childhood predicts
hypertension and metabolic syndrome later in life. Pediatrics
2007;119:237 -46.
5. Djohan. Terapi musik teori dan aplikasi.lst ed. Yogyakarta:
Galangpress; 2006. p. 23-34.
6. Halim S. Efek mozart dan terapi musik dalam dunia
kesehatan. Medika 2003;29:30-4.
7. Triller N, Erzen D, Duh S, Primozic M.P, Kosnik M. Music
during brochoscopic examinations: the physiological effects
a randomized trial. Respiration 2006;73:95-9
8. Mok E, Wong KY. Effects of music on patient anxiety. AORN
J 2003;77:396-410.
9. Ferne! J. Listening to music during ambulatory ophthalmic
surgery reduced blood pressure, heart rate, and perceived
stress. Evid Based Nurs 2002;5: 16.
10. Haun M, Mainous RO, Looney SW. Effect of music on
anxiety of women awaiting breast biopsy. Behav Med
2001;27:127-32.
11. Hatem TP, Lira PI, Mattos SS. The therapeutic effects
of music in children following cardiac surgery. J Pediatr
2006;82: 186-92.
12. Schein MH, Gavish B, Herz M, Rosner-Kahana D, Naveh P,
Knishkowy B, et al. Treating hypertension with a device that
slows and regularises breathing: a randomised, double-blind
controlled study. J Hum Hypertens 2001;15:271-8.
13. Grossman E, Grossman A, Schein MH, Zimlichman R,
Gavish B. Breathing-control lowers blood pressure. J Hum
Hypertens 2001; 15:263-9.
14. National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working
Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents:
The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment
of high blood pressure in children and adolescent. Pediatrics
2004;114:555-76.
15. Quin M, Sharma BB, Miller KA, Tomsovic JP. Adolescent
blood pressure survey: Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1987 to 1989.
South Med J 1992;5:487 -90.
16. Chafin S, Roy M, Gerin W, Christenfeld N. Music can
facilitate blood pressure recovery from stress. Br J Health
Psycho! 2004;9:393-404.
17. MerrittS. Simfoni otak 39 aktivitas musik yang merangsang
IQ, EQ, SQ untuk membangkitkan kreativitas dan imajinasi.
1st ed. Bandung: Kaifa; 2003. p. 68-106.
18. Burns J, Labbe E, Williams K, McCall]. Perceived and physiological
indicators of relaxation: as different as Mozart and Alice in chains.
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeed 1999;24: 197-202.
19. Evans D. Music as in Intervention in Hospitals. Best practice
evidence based practice information sheets for health
professionals 2001 ;5: 1-6.
20. Desai F, Vyas 0. A Study to determine the effectivenes of
yoga, biofeedback and music therapy in management of
hypertension. Indian J Occupational Ther 2001 ;33:3-7.