Effect of exclusive breast-feeding on the linear growth of children aged 24-36 months in Bandung's urban slum area

Main Article Content

Nenden Ismawaty
Julistio Djais
Herry Garna

Abstract

Background Breast milk is an ideal nutrition source for infants
because of its balanced composition, naturally adjusted to
infants' need for growth and without any expenses. However,
low education mothers living in slum areas are ignorant towards
informations about the importance of exclusive breast-feeding.
Objective To observe the effects of exclusive breast-feeding on
linear growth of children aged 24-36 months in urban slums
area.
Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out on 343
children consisted of 188 exclusively breastfed infants and 155
nonexclusively breastfed infants in Puskesmas Cigondewah
area on August to September 2007. Anthropometric
measurements were performed to obtain linear growth status.
Data were analyzed by using odd ratio (OR). The first step was
performed univariately to assess the effect of data variables.
Henceforth, factors which significantly influence the growth
will be assesed by multivariate calculation.
Results Normal linear growth status was found in 109 (66.1%)
exclusively breastfed compared with 56 (33.9%) nonexclusively
breastfed children. Univariate analyzes showed that factors
that influenced children normal linear growth were exclusive
breast-feeding (OR: 2.44; 95%CI: 1.58;3.78), industrial product
porridge as complementary food (OR: 1.65; 95%CI: 1.00;2.72),
and frequency of illnesses <6x/year (OR: 1.57; 95%CI: 1.02;2.42).
The result of multinomial logistic regression analyzes showed that
exclusive breast-feeding became the only factor that influence
children linear growth (OR: 2.254; 95%CI: 1.438;3.533).
Conclusion Exclusive breast-feeding has significant positive effect on
linear growth of children.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Ismawaty N, Djais J, Garna H. Effect of exclusive breast-feeding on the linear growth of children aged 24-36 months in Bandung’s urban slum area. PI [Internet]. 1May2008 [cited 12Aug.2020];48(2):120-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/490
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Nenden Ismawaty

Department of Child Health, Medical School, Padjadjaran
University, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.

Julistio Djais

Department of Child Health, Medical School, Padjadjaran
University, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.

Herry Garna

Department of Child Health, Medical School, Padjadjaran
University, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.
Received 2016-09-07
Accepted 2016-09-07
Published 2008-05-01

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