Intravenous immune globulin in the management of sepsis in PICU RSAB Harapan Kita, Jakarta

  • Guwansyah D. Mulyo
  • Martani Widjajanti
Keywords: children, intravenous immune globulin, sepsis

Abstract

Background Sepsis is a major health problem and a leading cause
of death among children. Intravenous immune globulin (IVIG)
has been reported in systemic inflammatory conditions.
Objective To determine the effectiveness of IVIG in the treatment
of sepsis in children.
Methods This was a hospital-based, retrospective study conducted
from 2000-2001. Sixty neonates and children under 18 years old
with sepsis were classified to either received or not received IVIG.
The IVIG and the non-IVIG groups were compared. Data was
obtained from medical records.
Results Of 60 sepsis cases, 16 were neonates (7 received IVIG, 9
did not), and 44 were infants and children (25 received IVIG
and 19 did not). In neonates, IVIG had no influence on mortality
(P=0.838), while in non-neonatal cases, it improved the survival
rate (P=0.010). The suitability of the 1st antibiotic influenced
the outcome and length of stay in neonatal cases (P=0.005), but
not in the non-neonatal group (P=0.111). Although in some
cases the 1 st antibiotic was not suitable, IVIG seemed to hold the
process for a while, giving more time to adjust to a suitable
antibiotic according to the culture result.
Conclusions The addition of IVIG to standard therapies revealed
minimum effect but showed benefit in holding the process, and
seemed to improve survival in children, but not in neonates.

Author Biographies

Guwansyah D. Mulyo
Department of Child Health, Mother and Child Harapan Kita
Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Martani Widjajanti
Department of Child Health, Mother and Child Harapan Kita
Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

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Published
2007-10-31
How to Cite
1.
Mulyo G, Widjajanti M. Intravenous immune globulin in the management of sepsis in PICU RSAB Harapan Kita, Jakarta. PI [Internet]. 31Oct.2007 [cited 21Jun.2024];47(5):226-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/419
Received 2016-09-01
Accepted 2016-09-01
Published 2007-10-31