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problem in Indonesia. Malaria has been found in islands with
different degree of endemicity. Behavior of the community is
one of the factors affecting the incidence of malaria in Mandailing
Objective To know the parental knowledge, attitude, and practice
among parents whose children suffered from malaria or not.
Methods A cross sectional study was conducted in six primary
schools and one health centre in October 2004. Subjects were
parents whose children were malaria positive and malaria negative
based on laboratory examination. Sample size was 85 parents for
each group. Selected respondents were interviewed using
structured questionnaire. Degree of knowledge, attitude, and
practice on malaria were established using scoring system within
three categories: good, less, and poor. Data were collected and
presented using chi-square and P<0.05 was considered as a level
Results The mean age of 85 parents whose children were positive
malaria, was 38.47 years (SD 6.67) and the mean age of those
whose children were negative malaria was 40.41 years (SD 8.05).
Parent’s education level was 62.9% primary school and 90% of
their children were school-aged. There were significant differences
on parental knowledge, attitude and practice in each group
(P<0.05). There was also a significant correlation between
occupation and knowledge, but not between parental education
level and parental age. Parental knowledge and attitude on the
incidence of malaria in Mandailing Natal district were good,
though their practice were poor.
Conclusion There are significant differences on parental
knowledge, attitude and practice, between parents whose children
were positive and negative for malaria.
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