Gardening-cooking based intervention for improving healthy eating habits in preschool children

  • Herni Dwi Herawati Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Yulinda Kurniasari Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Herwinda Kusuma Rahayu Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Hastrin Hositanisita Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Effatul Afifah Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Anggita Isvianti Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Novaeni Sri Susilowati Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Saimarrasoki Batubara Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
  • Putri Sonia Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alma Ata University, Yogyakarta
Keywords: cooking; gardening; attitude; food preference; eating habits; preschool children

Abstract

Background Preschool children generally have inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, but a high intake of calories. Nutrition education taught from an early age might instill good eating habits and behavior, especially regarding fruit and vegetable consumption.

Objectives To compare preschoolers’ fruit and vegetable preferences, fiber intake, and consumption of high-calorie food before and after a gardening-cooking intervention.

Methods This study had a quasi-experimental, pre- and post-test design, as well as intervention and control groups. Subjects were preschool children aged 4-6, selected by purposive sampling, with 33 subjects in each group. The intervention group engaged in nutrition education, gardening, and cooking programs. While the control group was not given the programs, only given nutrition education at the end of data collection. Data were analyzed using independent T-test, paired T-Test, Wilcoxon, and Mann-Whitney tests.

Results There were significant increases in attitude score, fruit and vegetable preference, and fiber intake, as well as decreased intake of high calorie foods (P<0.05 for all) before and after treatment in the intervention group. In contrast, there were no significant changes in the control group pre- and post-test.

Conclusion Gardening-cooking based intervention for 9 sessions is effective in improving attitudes, fruit and vegetable preferences, and fiber intake, as well as reducing high-calorie food consumption in preschool children.

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Published
2024-05-28
How to Cite
1.
Herawati H, Kurniasari Y, Rahayu H, Hositanisita H, Afifah E, Isvianti A, Susilowati N, Batubara S, Sonia P. Gardening-cooking based intervention for improving healthy eating habits in preschool children. PI [Internet]. 28May2024 [cited 15Jul.2024];64(3):218-6. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/3654
Section
Pediatric Nutrition & Metabolic Disease
Received 2023-11-25
Accepted 2024-05-28
Published 2024-05-28