Determinants of rheumatic heart disease: findings from qualitative research approach

  • Rudy Ngau Ajeng Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Mohammod Mizanur Rahman Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0706-2920
  • Asri Bin Said Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Abang Safuan Bin Adenan Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Mohamed Ameenudeen Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Greta Miranda Goh Kim Choo Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Muhammad Siddiq Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Mohamed Faiz Gahamat Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
Keywords: rheumatic heart disease; acute rheumatic fever; causes; determinants

Abstract

Background Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an autoimmune heart disease following unresolved or untreated Acute Rheumatic Fever (ARF), which results in irreversible valve damage and heart failure. Strategies for managing RHD could be planned to understand the disease determinants in local settings.

Objective To explore the determinants of RHD among the family with an RHD case.

Methods The study was a qualitative design using a grounded theory approach after in-depth interviews with respondents from families with RHD patients. Analysis was conducted after the scripts were finalized. Initial, intermediate, and advanced codings were performed. Ten respondents agreed to participate and completed the qualitative data collection process.

Results The analysis yielded two theme categories of what could have led to RHD among respondents due to internal and external causes. Internal causes were considered factors that could be managed or manipulated to improve an individual and family’s capacity. In contrast, external causes were considered factors that could not be managed or manipulated to improve an individual’s capacity or family. Therefore, these factors were considered beyond their control.

Conclusion This study explored RHD determinants according to the patients’ and their families’ perspectives. A holistic approach can be applied to managing RHD by considering these factors.

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Published
2023-12-12
How to Cite
1.
Ajeng R, Rahman M, Said A, Adenan AS, Ameenudeen M, Kim Choo GM, Siddiq M, Gahamat M. Determinants of rheumatic heart disease: findings from qualitative research approach. PI [Internet]. 12Dec.2023 [cited 22Feb.2024];63(6):483-1. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/3068
Received 2022-06-26
Accepted 2023-12-12
Published 2023-12-12