Clinical manifestations and prognosis of tuberculous spondylitis in an adolescent with disseminated tuberculosis: a case report

  • Setyo Handryastuti Dr.Cipto Mangunkusumo Tertiary General Hospital
  • Nastiti Kaswandani Respirology Division, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia
  • Andra Hendriarto Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia - Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital
  • Singkat Dohar Apul Lumban Tobing Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia - Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital
  • Pebriansyah - Neurology Division, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia
  • Achmad Rafli Neurology Division, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia
Keywords: adolescent, therapy, tuberculosis, risk factors, prognosis, spondylitis

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the highest number of tuberculosis (TB) cases globally. Around 10-20% of adolescents with TB infection progress to pulmonary TB, and less than 0.5% develop miliary or central nervous system TB. TB spondylitis occurs in only 5.6% of extrapulmonary TB patients. The clinical manifestations of disseminated and TB spondylitis are heterogeneous and insidious, with several potential risk- and prognostic factors. We report the case of a 16-year-old male admitted with abdominal distension, paraplegia, and urinary retention. He was diagnosed with disseminated TB with TB spondylitis. This case was unique because the patient had no classic symptoms of pulmonary TB. This report focuses on the diagnosis, comprehensive management, and prognosis of TB spondylitis, as well as the risk factors for disseminated TB. The management consisted of antituberculous agents and surgery. The prognosis is influenced by the patient’s age, severity of kyphosis deformity, number of vertebrae involved, lesion site, and patient’s health status, including nutritional status.

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Published
2024-02-26
How to Cite
1.
Handryastuti S, Kaswandani N, Hendriarto A, Tobing SDAL, - P, Rafli A. Clinical manifestations and prognosis of tuberculous spondylitis in an adolescent with disseminated tuberculosis: a case report. PI [Internet]. 26Feb.2024 [cited 20May2024];64(2):176-3. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2997
Section
Case Report
Received 2022-03-21
Accepted 2024-02-26
Published 2024-02-26