Complete atrioventricular block in an adolescent with acute rheumatic fever: a case report

  • Samlek Elisawyn Sunbanu Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, FKKMK UGM
Keywords: acute rheumatic fever, complete atrioventricular block, adolescent

Abstract

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an autoimmune, multiorgan inflammatory disease that occurs in genetically susceptible individuals after group A-hemolytic streptococcal infection. Carditis and polyarthritis are the most common symptoms of ARF. Repeated streptococcal infections can cause recurrent valvulitis and valvular heart disease.

Prolonged atrioventricular conduction (first-degree heart block) is a well-known symptom of ARF, occurring in one-fifth to three-fifths of patients. This condition is a minor criterion for diagnosing ARF based on Jones's criteria. Advanced conduction delay, such as a second-degree or a complete atrioventricular (AV) block, is a rare condition of ARF that can occur before symptoms like carditis, polyarthritis, and Sydenham chorea appear. We present a case of ARF in an adolescent with complete AV block.

References

References
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Published
2024-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Sunbanu S. Complete atrioventricular block in an adolescent with acute rheumatic fever: a case report. PI [Internet]. 28Feb.2024 [cited 18Apr.2024];64(1):86-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2925
Section
Case Report
Received 2022-01-03
Accepted 2024-02-28
Published 2024-02-28