Measles Morbidity and Mortality in the Department of Child Health, Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, in 1973-1977

  • S. M. Rangkuti Department of Child Health, Unniversitas Sumatera Utara Medical School/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera
  • Nasril Nazir Department of Child Health, Unniversitas Sumatera Utara Medical School/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera
  • A. H. Sutanto Department of Child Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara Medical School/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera
  • Aswin Lubis Department of Child Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara Medical School/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera
  • Helena Siregar Department of Child Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara Medical School/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera
Keywords: measles, pneumonia, encephalitis, diarrhea, dehydration

Abstract

One hundred seventy-six cases with measles have been hospitalized at the Department of Child Health, Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan in 1973 - 1977.

The case fatality rate was 26.1%. The most frequent complications found were Pneumonia, Encephalitis, Diarrhea and Dehydration.

Age specific mortality, as expected, was highest in the 0 - 1 year age group (38.6%). A high proportion of the survivors (22.2%) showed recidual signs of brain damage and blind-ness.

This study proved that active immunization against measles in Indonesia must have priority.

Author Biography

S. M. Rangkuti, Department of Child Health, Unniversitas Sumatera Utara Medical School/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera

 

 

References

1. KEMPE, C.H., SILVER, H.K. O'BRIEN, D. : Current Paediatric Diagnosis & Treatment, 5th. ed. pp. 719- 721 (Lange Med. Pub., California, 1978).
2. MORLEY, D. : Severe measles in Paediatric Priorities in the Developing World, 1st ed. pp. 207 - 230 (Butterworths, London 1973).
3. RUUSKANEN, 0., TOIVO T. SALMI T.T. and PEKKA HALONEN, D. : Measles Vaccination after exposure to natural Measles. J. Pediatr. 93 : 43-46 (1978).
4. SETIADY, F. : Program Immunisasi di Indonesia. Media Aesculapius No. 4, th. ke-9, halaman 4 & 9, Oktober 1978.
5. WHO Chronicle 27 : 101 (1973). Measles Vaccination,
6. WHO Chronicle Communicable diseases in the Americas 1969- 1972, Measles 29 : 145 (1975).
7. WONG HOCK BOON : Measles Encephalitis, presented at the Paediatric (West) Clinical Con;ference, August 5, 1978.
Published
2021-12-16
How to Cite
1.
Rangkuti SM, Nazir N, Sutanto AH, Lubis A, Siregar H. Measles Morbidity and Mortality in the Department of Child Health, Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan, in 1973-1977. PI [Internet]. 16Dec.2021 [cited 5Mar.2024];20(7-8):139-4. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2874
Section
Infection & Tropical Pediatrics
Received 2021-12-16
Published 2021-12-16