Visual acuity assessment of preschool children in the inner city area in Jakarta

  • Dian Estu Yulia Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Yulinda Arty Laksmita Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Julie Dewi Barliana Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Laura Agnestasia Djunaedi Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Lia Amanda Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Hartono Gunardi Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: visual acuity assessment, preschool children, Lea Symbols, Tumbling-E chart

Abstract

Background Visual acuity (VA) assessment is an important ocular examination to identify children with vision problems. Such early identification allows for early intervention to prevent childhood blindness.

Objective To describe and compare visual acuity measurements in preschool children using two different visual acuity charts.

Methods This cross-sectional study in children aged 36-60 months was done in a low-income area in the Central Jakarta District as a collaboration between Department of Ophthalmology and Department of Child Health, Universitas Indonesia Medical
School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta. All children underwent visual acuity examinations using Lea symbols and Tumbling E charts. The VA results from two charts were analyzed with Bland-Altman plot for limits of agreement. Statistical analyses were performed to determine the differences between vision charts.

Results A total of 113 children enrolled, but only 38 children completed the examinations. The mean age of subjects was 50.5 (SD 6.4) months. Overall, subjects’ mean VA was 0.29 (SD 0.18) for Lea symbols and 0.37 (SD 0.14) for Tumbling E. The mean difference of VA between Lea symbols and Tumbling E was 0.07 (SD 0.22) logMAR units, with upper and lower limits of agreement at 0.36 and 0.51, respectively. There was no statistical difference in VA score using Lea symbols and Tumbling-E based on gender and age.

Conclusion Most preschool children in our study have normal visual acuity. Lea symbols and Tumbling E chart are comparable and can be used to efficiently measure VA in preschool children.

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Published
2021-11-23
How to Cite
1.
Yulia D, Laksmita Y, Barliana J, Djunaedi L, Amanda L, Gunardi H. Visual acuity assessment of preschool children in the inner city area in Jakarta. PI [Internet]. 23Nov.2021 [cited 13Jul.2024];62(1):1-. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2555
Section
Developmental Behavioral & Community Pediatrics
Received 2020-12-04
Accepted 2021-11-23
Published 2021-11-23