Prevalence and risk factors of irritable bowel syndrome in adolescents

  • Muzal Kadim Universitas Indonesia
  • Aida Rosita Tantri Universitas Indonesia
  • Muhammad Indera Ramadani Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: adolescents, irritable bowel syndrome, risk factors, Rome IV criteria, prevalence

Abstract

Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder in children and adults. The IBS is diagnosed by symptoms that fulfill the Rome IV criteria. This condition can impact quality of life, especially in adolescents.

Objectives To investigate the prevalence of IBS in high school students and analyze its risk factors.

Methods This cross-sectional study was done with e-questionnaires from Rome IV Diagnostic Questionnaire on Pediatric Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (R4PDQ). Students from high school and occupational schools age 14 to 18-years-old in Jakarta were included in this study. Possible risk factors for IBS were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test for bivariate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis.

Results Of 210 subjects, 10 (4.8%) had IBS. The IBS-M and IBS-C subtypes were more common than IBS-D. Gastrointestinal infection history was significantly associated with IBS (OR 7.1; 95%CI 1.7 to 29.3; P=0.013). Other factors such as gender, corporal punishment, asthma, spicy and fatty food consumption, as well as socioeconomic status were not significantly associated with IBS (P>0.05).  

Conclusion The prevalence of IBS in adolescents is 4.8%. History of gastrointestinal infection is a risk factor for IBS.

Author Biographies

Muzal Kadim, Universitas Indonesia

Departement of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Aida Rosita Tantri, Universitas Indonesia

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Muhammad Indera Ramadani, Universitas Indonesia

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

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Published
2021-10-27
How to Cite
1.
Kadim M, Tantri A, Ramadani M. Prevalence and risk factors of irritable bowel syndrome in adolescents. PI [Internet]. 27Oct.2021 [cited 20Jan.2022];61(6):299-05. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/2531
Section
Pediatric Gastrohepatology
Received 2020-11-11
Accepted 2021-10-27
Published 2021-10-27