Radiological Assessment of Renal Length in Children

  • Widhodho T. Karyomanggolo Department of Child Health, Universitas Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
Keywords: renal length; radiological assessment; kidney disease; kidney length


Assessment of kidney length to other easily available parameters such as L1-L3 length and age in the evaluation and care of growing children with kidney disease is a prerequisite. Eighty nine IVP photos were selected from children with urinary tract infection. Radiological examinations were done after the absence of clinical and laboratory abnormalities. Nine or 10.1% IVP photos had radiological abnormalities so they were excluded from this study. There was no difference in kidney length between boys and girls. There was a difference in length between the right and the left kidney. Strong correlation was found between kidney length and L1-L31ength, age, body he1ght and body weight. Tables are presented for charting data on kidney length and will be of use by pediatricians, radiologists and urologists in the care of growing children with kidney ailments.


1. APERlA, A.; BROBER ER, 0.; EKENGREN, A.; ERICSSON, N.O.; WIKSTADT, I. : Correlalion between kidney parenchymal area and renal function in vasicoureteral reflux of different degrees. Ann. Radiol. 20: 141 -144 (1977).
2. CARROLL, L: Growth in height and weight; in David Sinclair, Human growth after birth; 4th ed., pp. 23-50 (Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, Toronto 1985).
3. CURRARINO, D.: Roentgenographic estimation of kidney size in normal individual with emphasis on children. Am. J. Roentg. 23: 464-466 (1 965).
4. DINKEL, E.; ERTEL, M.; DIITRJCH, M.; PETERS, H.; BERRES, M.; WISSERMAN, H .S.: Kidney size in chiildhood. Sonographical growth charts for kidney length and volume. Pediatr. Radiol. 15: 38-43 (1985).
5. FFMAN, E.L; ABLOW, R.C.; SIEGEL, I.S.: Renal growth Radiol. Clio. N. Am. 15: 3-17 (1977).
6. EKLOF, 0.; RINGERTZ, H.: Kidney size in children: A method of assessment. Acta radiol. (Diag.) 17: 617-625 (1976).
7. FRLEDENBERG, M.I.; WALZ, B.J. ; WLLLIAM, A.B.; Mc ALJSTER, W.H.; OCKSMJTH, J .P.; GALLIGHER: T.L.: Roentgen size of normal kidney. Radiology 84: 1022-1030 (1965).
8. GLASGOW, LA.; OVERAL JR. J .C.: Urinary tract. infection; in Nelson, Behrman, Vaughan, Textbook of Pediatrics; 12th ed., pp. 407-408 (W .B. Sunders, Philadelphia, London, Toronto, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, Tokio 1983).
9. GRIFFITH, G.J.; CARTWRIGHT, G.; McLAHAN, M.S.F.: Estimation of renal size from radiograph: Is the effort worth-wile? Clin . Radio!. 26: 249-256 (1974).
10. HUGEDUS, V.: Three dimensional estimation of renal shape and volume at angiography. Acta radiol. (Diag.) 12: 87-99 (1972).
11. Hernandez, E.J.; Poznansky, A.K.; KUHNS, L.R.; McCORMICK. T.L.: Factors affecting the measurement of renal length. Radiology 130: 653-656 (1979).
12. HODSON, C.J.; DREWE, J.A.; KARN. M.N.; KING, A.: Renal size in normal children. A radiographic study during life. Archs. Dis. ChiJdh . 37: 616-622 (1962).
13 . HOD ON, C.J.: Radiology of the kidney; in Black, Renal Disease; 3rd ed., pp. 2 13-252 (Blackwell Scient. Publ., London 1972).
14. lnternational Reflux Study Committee. Special article Medical versus surgical treatment of primary vesicoureteral reflux. Pediatdc 67: 392-400 (1981).
15. KEMPE, .H.; SILVER, H.K.; OBRIEN, 0.: Urinary tract infections; in current pediatric diagnosis and treatment, 6th ed. pp. 514-518 (Lange Medical Pub!. Maruzen Asia (Pie) 1980).
16. KLARE, B.; GEISELHARD, B.; WES H, H.; SCHARER, K. ; IMMJCH, H.; WILLICH, E.: Radiological kidney size in childhood. Pediatr. Radio!. 9: 153-160 (1980).
17. LUDJN, B.: Radiologic estimation of kidney weight. Acta radiol. (Diag.) 6: 561 -574 1967).
18. MOELL, H. : Size of normal kidneys . Acta radiol. 46: 640-645 (1956).
19. ROSENBAUM, D .M.; KORNGOLD, E.; TEELE, R.L.: Sonographic assessment of renal length in normal children. Am. J . Roentg. 142: 467-469 (1984).
20. SMELLIE, J .M.; NORMAND, I.C.S.: Urinary infections in children 1985. Post-grad. med. J. 61: 895-905 (1985).
21. TAJIMA, T. : Ultrasonic kidney size measurement. I. In infant and children (Abstract). Hinyokika Kiyo 33: 1735-1741 (1987).
22. WALKER, R.D.; DUCKET, J.; BARTONE, F.; McLlN, P .: Screening school children for urologic disease. Pediatrics W: 239-243 (1977).
How to Cite
Karyomanggolo W. Radiological Assessment of Renal Length in Children. PI [Internet]. 23Sep.2020 [cited 30Mar.2023];30(1-2):12-0. Available from:
Pediatric Imaging
Received 2020-09-23
Published 2020-09-23