Injuries in children and adolescents

Main Article Content

Soetjiningsih Soetjiningsih


Morbidity and mortality caused by injuries in children increasing from year to year. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence of injuries among children and adolescents who required inpatient or outpatient care in the Emergency Unit Sanglah Hospital. This study was carried out by using restrospective method, by taking the data from the medical records of children under 18-yr-old who required inpatient or outpatient care caused by injuries, at the Emergency Unit Sanglah Hospital, during the period of January 1 - December 31 , 1996. The data were presented descriptively in the form of table, classified based on age, sex, and type of injuries. Statistically analysed by using chi-square test, it was considered significance if p<0.05. During the 1996 period, it was found 4,801 injuries on children, averagely 400 injuries per month. The highest number of incidence found in children aged 13-18 years (45%), boys were 3 times higher than girls, mostly (75.8%) due to the traffic injuries and 24.2% domestic injuries. The highest number of domestic injuries was found in children aged 1-5 years (57.5%) and the most frequent cause of domestic injuries was due to falling down, foreign bodies, animal bites, and bum. lt was really needed an injury control in a wider scope.

Article Details

How to Cite
Soetjiningsih S. Injuries in children and adolescents. PI [Internet]. 15Mar.1999 [cited 13Aug.2020];39(11-12):315-4. Available from:
Received 2018-03-15
Accepted 2018-03-15
Published 1999-03-15


1. Rivara FP. Pediatric injury control in 1999: Where do we go from here?. Pediatrics 1999; 103:883-888.
2. Emil Agustiono, Abdul Radjak. Classification of injuries and its problem. MKI 1993; 43:409-414.
3. Ranuh Gde IGN. Accident & injury prevention in Indonesia. Presented at Pre Congress Workshop 9th Asian Congress of Paediatrics, Hong Kong, 22-23 March 1997.
4. Moersintowarti BN. Approach on problems of child abuse and neglect. Proceedings of the 6th Asean Pediatric Federation conference, October 21-24,1992, Denpasar Bali.
5. Report on a WHO Working Group: Early detection of handicap in children, Copenhagen, 1980.
6. Hardi Soeselo.Epidemiologi Kecelakaan. MKI 1988; 38:427-429.
7. Christoffel KK, Scheidt PC, Agran PF, et al. Standard defmitions for childhood injury research: Exerpts of a conference report. Pediatrics 1992;89: 1027-1034.
8 Rivara FP Brownstein DR. Injury control. In: Berhman BE, Kliegman RM, Nelson WE, Vaughan VC,Eds. Nelson Texbook of Pediatrics; 15th Ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1996, 226-232.
9. Nyman Gote. Infant temperament, childhood accidents, and hospitalization. Clin Pediatr 1987;26:389-404.
10. Budiharto, Bambang Sutrisna, Hadi Pratomo. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kecelakaan lalu lintas yang mengakibatkan korban luka berat atau mati, di wilayah Polda MetroJaya. MKI 1987; 2:122-128.
11. Sosin DM, Sacks JJ, Webb KW. Pediatric head injuries and deaths from bicycling in the United States. Pediatrics 1996;98: 868-870.
12. Karp Stanley. A 10-point program for bicycle safety. Contemp Pediatr 1987;4: 16-27.
13. Rivara FP, Thompson DC, Thompson R, et al. The_Seattle children's bicycle helmet campaign: Changes in helmet use and head injury admissions. Pedtatncs 1994,93.567-569.
14. Wilson M. Injury prevention: Protecting the under-6 set. Contempomry Pediatrics 1988; 5:19-34.
15. Bonadio WA. Coin ingestion: Small change, big problem. Contemp Pediatr 1992;February: 71-88.
16. McLoughlin E, Brigham PA. Stop Carelessness ? No, Reduce bum risk. Pediatric Annals 1992; 21:423-428.
17. Scholer SJ, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Predictors of injury mortality in early childhood. Pediatrics 1997;100:342-347.
18. Jaffe KM, McDonald CM. Rehabilitation following childhood injury. Pediatric Annals 1992; 21:438-44 7.
19. Committee on injury and poison prevention and committee on sports medicine and fitness, American Academy of Pediatrics. Trampolines at home, school, and recreational centers. Pediatrics 1999; 103:1053-1055.
20. Brenner RA, Overpeck MD, Trumble AC, et al. Deaths atributable to injuries in infants, United States, 1983-1991. Pediatrics 1999; 103:968-97 4.