Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in Children Aged 13-14 Years

Main Article Content

Ina Rosalina
Cissy B Kartasasmita
Myrna Soepriadi

Abstract

To determine the asthma prevalence and the role of some risk factors of asthma in children aged 13-14 years in Bandung, a study was conducted from April to May 1996 using using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in childhood (ISAAC) written questionnaire. The study was conducted in 12 Junior high schools (SMP), selected by multistage population random sampling from 6 district in municipality of Bandung. A total of 3118 questionnaires were collected. The cumulative prevalence of asthma was 6.4% and the 12 month prevalence was 2.6%. The prevalence was higher in male, with a ratio of male : female of 1.48:1. The prevalence of asthma increased significantly in children with history of atopy in the family (OR 6.1; p<0.01); however no significant differences was found between children with one or both parents having history of atopy. The prevalence of asthma in smoking children, maternal and room mates had also increased significantly (OR = 2.1; 2.3; 2.6 and p=<0.05;<0.01;<0.01 respectively). However there was no significant effect of paternal smoking (p=0.074). The use of mosquito spray in the bedroom and having pets showed no effect on the prevalence of asthma (p=0.86 and 0.56 respectively).

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Rosalina I, Kartasasmita C, Soepriadi M. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in Children Aged 13-14 Years. PI [Internet]. 11Jul.2017 [cited 18Nov.2019];38(11-12):265-2. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/1579
Section
Articles
Received 2017-07-10
Accepted 2017-07-10
Published 2017-07-11

References

Gortmaker SL, Walker DK, Jacob FH et al. Parental smoking and the risk of childhood asthma. Am J Public Health 1982;72: 574-9.

Goh DYT, Chew FT, Quek SC et al. Prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Singapore school children. Arc Dis Child 1996;74: 13 1-5.

Lau S. Exposure to indoor inhalant allergens. Pediatr Allergy Immunol1996;9: 108-10.

Godfrey S. Childhood asthma. In: Clark TJH and Godfrey S, ed. Asthma. 2nd ed. London: Chapman and Hall 1983;415-52.

Coltas DB, Slarnet JM. Epidemiology and natural history of childhood asthma. In: Tinkelman DG et al, ed. Childhood asthma pathophysiology and treatment. New York. Marcel Dekker Inc 1987;131-52.

Sears RM. Epidemiological trends in bronchial asthma. In: Tinkelman DG et al ed. Asthma in pathophisiology and treatment. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc 1991: 1-37.

Shapiro GG. Childhood asthma: Update. Pediatric in Rev. 1992;13: 403-12.

Meltzer EO. Non pharmacologic approaches to the management of asthma in childhood. In: Tinkelman DO et a1 ed. Childhood asthma, pathophysiology and treatment. Marcel Dekker Inc 1987;282-6.

Dahms TE, Bolin JF, Slavin RG. Passive smoking. Chest 1981;80: 530-4.

Charlton A. Children's coughs related to maternal smoking. Br Med J 1984;288: 1647-9.

Dreborg S. Allergen levels causing sensitisation, bronchial hyper-reactivity and asthma. Pediatr Allergy lmmunol 1995;7: 22-6.

Wahn U, Lau S. Strategies for indoor allergen elimination. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 1995;6: 42-6.

Munir AKM. Environmental factors influencing the levels of indoor allergens. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 1995;6: 13-21.