Home oral sugar salt solution using the "blue spoon"for acute infantile gastroenteritis

Main Article Content

Abdul Latief Azis
Pitono Soeparto
Subijanto M. S.
Daniel Hardjadinata
Mien Kumiaijanto
Harsono Salino


Ninety-one children aged between 2 - 24 months (mean age of 10.07 ± 5.29 months) with uncomplicated gastroenteritis were treated with home made oral sugar salt solution prepared by using the "Blue Spoon". They were randomly devided into 2 groups: those whose feedings were stopped and those who were still permitted 10 have their normal feedings while all oral electrolyte therapy. A total of four children (4.40%) developed dehydration following the administration of oral solution therapy. Vomiting was reversed in 24 out of 28 children following the administration of oral electrolyte solution. There were statistically no significant differences in failure rate e.g. the development of dehydration, vomiting and meteorism following oral electrolyte therapy between the two groups.

Almost 01/ mothers (95.79%) followed the instructions as how to use the Blue Spoon and stated that it was a simple and a cheap means in preparing oral sugar electrolyte solution.

Article Details

How to Cite
Azis A, Soeparto P, S. S, Hardjadinata D, Kumiaijanto M, Salino H. Home oral sugar salt solution using the "blue spoon"for acute infantile gastroenteritis. PI [Internet]. 30Jun.1981 [cited 18Oct.2019];21(5-6):107-4. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/1167
Received 2017-01-19
Accepted 2017-01-19
Published 1981-06-30


1. FINBERG, L. : The role of oraI electrolyte glucose solution in hydration for children - International and Domestic aspects. J. Pediatr. 96 : 51-54 (1980).
2. HIRSCHORN, N., McCARTHY, B.J.M., RONNEY, B., HIRSCHORN, M.A , WOODWARD, S.T., LACAPA, A., CASH, R.A., and WOODWARD, W.E.: Ad libitum oral glucose electrolyt.e therapy for acute diarrhoea in Apache children. J. Pediatr. 83 : 562-571 (1973).
3. INTERNATIONAL STUDY GROUP : A positive effect on the nutrition of Philippine children of an oral glucose electrolyte solution given at home for the treatment of diarrhoea. Bull. WHO 55 . 87-94 (1977).
4. KOMANG KARl, SOEPARTO, P., SASTROWID/OIO, H•, SAHARSO, D.: Macam-macam sendok yang dimiliki oleh keluarga penderita gastroenteritis yang berobat jalan. Presented at the Pertemuan llmiah Berkala ke-VI BKGAI (Badan Koordinasi Gastrocnterologi Anak Indonesia) at Ujung Pandang, April 1979.
Oral sucrose therapy for diarrhea. Lancet ii: 323 (1975).
6. NALlN, D.R., CASH, R.A., ISLAM, R•, MALLA, N•, PHILLIPS, R.A. : Oral maintenance therapy for cholera in adults. Lancet ii: 370-372 (1968).
7. NAUN. D.R.: Sucrose in oral therapy for cholera and rein ted diarrhoea. Lancet i : 1400-1402 (1975).
8. PALMER, D.L., HOSTER, F.T., ISLAM, R, RACHMAN, M., SACK, H.B.: Comparison of sucrose and glucose in the oral electroly!e th.erapy severe diarrhoea. N. Engl. J. Med. 297; 1107-1110 (1977).
9. PIERCE, N F., HIRSCHORN, N.: Oral fluid – A simple weapon against dehydration in diarrhea. WHO Chronicle 31 : 87 - 93 (1977).
10. SACK, D•A., ISLAM, S ., BROWN, K.H ., ISLAH, A., KABIR AKMI, OCHOUDARY AMAK, ALI M.A.: Oral therapy in children with cholera, A comparison of sucrose and glucose electrolyte solution. J. Pediatr. 96: 20 - 25 (1980).
11. SACK, R.B•, PIERCE, N.F., HIRSCHORN, N. The current status of oral therapy in the treatment of acute
diarrhoeal illness. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 31 : 2251 - 2257 (1978).
12. SEDGWICK, J.R, GUTTING, WAM: Oral rehydration in rural India, Lancet i: 1194 - 1195 (1976).