Absorption of carbohydrate derived from rice in children aged 1-3 years

  • Agus Firmansyah Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Daniel Effendi Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Sri Rezeki Hadinegoro Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Aswitha Boediarso Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Badriul Hegar Syarif Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Pramitra Gayatri Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia Medical School/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
Keywords: carbohydrate absortion, breath hydrogen test, children, infection

Abstract

Many studies showsthat rice starch is well-absorbed in gastrointestinaltract, even better as a composition with electrolyte to overcome diarrhea. Although in small number, there is still a various prevalence of carbohydrate malabsorption, both with rice starch and with other starch. Khin-Maung-U found significant (66.5%) prevalence of rice starch in Burmese children malabsorption, whereas rice starch is readily obtained in countries with rice as the population staple food,so that
ability to absorb rice starch in Indonesian children need to be studied. Breath hydrogen test (BHT) was performed in 86 Indonesian children aged 1-3 years on Pejaten Barat Subdistrict, Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta. Among the 86 children given meal test with rice starch cakes 80 g for eachchildren, 82 children (95.3%) can absorb rice starch well, but 4 children (4.7%) suffered from rice starch alabsorption. Currentlyit is unknown certainly the type of the malabsorption. Previous researchers found that rice malabsorption is due to enzyme deficiency and intestinal motility disturbance. In this study there were 16 children (18.6%) coming from social-economically underprivileged family, most of the mothers with junior high school and lower educational level, and the majority of parent occupation were on private and labor sectors. There was no significant relation (p >0.05) between diarrhea effects on rice starch malabsorption in 6 children (7%), history of low birth weight baby (15.1%), undernourished or malnutrition status in 35 children (40.7%), and worm and/or fungal infection in 17 children (19.8%).


found that rice malabsorption is due to enzyme deficiency and intestinal motility disturbance. In this study there were 16
children (18.6%) coming from social-economically underprivileged family, most of the mothers with junior high school and
lower educational level, and the majority of parent occupation were on private and labor sectors. There was no significant
relation (p >0.05) between diarrhea effects on rice starch malabsorption in 6 children (7%), history of low birth weight baby
(15.1%), undernourished or malnutrition status in 35 children (40.7%), and worm and/or fungal infection in 17 children
(19.8%). [

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Published
2001-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Firmansyah A, Effendi D, Hadinegoro S, Boediarso A, Syarif B, Gayatri P. Absorption of carbohydrate derived from rice in children aged 1-3 years. PI [Internet]. 30Jun.2001 [cited 25Sep.2022];41(5-6):132-0. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/1095
Section
Articles
Received 2016-12-05
Accepted 2016-12-05
Published 2001-06-30