Rupture of esophageal varices due to portal hypertension

  • Yusri Dianne Jurnalis Department of Child Health, Andalas University Medical School/Dr. M.Djamil Hospital, Padang, West Sumatera
  • Yorva Sayoeti Department of Child Health, Andalas University Medical School/Dr. M.Djamil Hospital, Padang, West Sumatera
  • Marlinda Marlinda Department of Child Health, Andalas University Medical School/Dr. M.Djamil Hospital, Padang, West Sumatera
Keywords: rupture of esophageal varices, esophageal varices, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding

Abstract

Variceal bleeding is the most common cause of serious upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding in children. Most variceal bleeding is esophageal.1 Hemorrhages from esophageal varices due to portal hypertension are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. There is a 30% mortality rate following an initial episode of variceal hematemesis. Mortality increases to 70% with recurrent variceal hemorrhage. Moreover, the one year survival rate after variceal hemorrhage is often poor (32 to 80%).2-4 We report a case of esophageal varices rupture caused by portal hypertension, an emergent case in the Pediatric Gastrohepatology division.

References

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Published
2010-10-30
How to Cite
1.
Jurnalis Y, Sayoeti Y, Marlinda M. Rupture of esophageal varices due to portal hypertension. PI [Internet]. 30Oct.2010 [cited 21Feb.2024];50(5):316-0. Available from: https://paediatricaindonesiana.org/index.php/paediatrica-indonesiana/article/view/1006
Section
Case Report
Received 2016-11-07
Accepted 2016-11-07
Published 2010-10-30